Female Body

There's no such thing as a 'typical woman' – everyone's body looks a bit different. But in this section we look at the things women have in common, like the changes that happen when a girl goes through puberty, and the personal care that a healthy body needs.


Overview: the female body

You've got sexual organs on the inside as well as the outside. The word 'vagina' is often used to describe the genitals, but actually, it's just one part of them.

Vulva and vagina

The vulva is the external female genitalia. The vagina is the opening that connects the internal to the external organs.


Breasts come in all shapes and sizes. Nipples also vary a lot, both in size and colour.

Staying clean

When you kiss or have sex, it's nice if you’re clean and smell nice. Brush your teeth, shower regularly, and wear clean clothes.


Towards the end of puberty, you start having periods. Having a period means losing some blood through your vagina approximately once a month.

Pads and tampons

The two most common products to absorb the blood during your period are pads (also called sanitary pads, sanitary towels, sanitary napkins, or maxi pads) and tampons.

Female genital cutting

Female circumcision, or cutting, is an age-old tradition. Depending on the tradition, a girl or woman may have part or all of her external genitals removed.

Puberty in girls

Most girls notice that their bodies start to change anywhere between the age of 9 and 16. Some girls start and end puberty earlier than others.