Close-up of a pregnant woman's stomach
© Love Matters | Rita Lino

Pregnancy week-by-week

A sperm fertilises an egg and about 40 weeks later, it’s developed into a fully-grown baby, ready to be born. But in the meantime, what exactly is going on inside the womb?

Fertilisation

You can get pregnant if you have intercourse with a man around the time you ovulate – from about five days before until one day after. When the man ejaculates inside your vagina, the sperm swims up the vagina through the cervix – the neck of the womb – through the womb, or uterus, to the fallopian tubes.

It takes the sperm about 10 hours to make this journey. If there’s an egg waiting in one of the fallopian tubes, the tiny sperm tries to burrow their way inside it. If one sperm gets inside the egg, it’s fertilised. The fertilised egg then sets off down the fallopian tube to the womb.

Week 1 of pregnancy

The fertilised egg cell starts dividing – at this stage, it’s called a zygote. After a few days of division, it becomes a ball of cells called a morula. You’d need very good eyes or a microscope to see it.

The blob of cells develops a hole in the middle full of fluid, at which point it gets another new name: blastocyst. First, it floats around the walls of the womb for a while. At this stage, it could still just get flushed out of your womb with your period, and you’d never know anything had happened. But then comes a crucial moment: if the womb accepts the blastocyst, and it nestles into the lining, you’re pregnant.

Even then, all sorts of things can go wrong in the early stages of pregnancy. You might notice nothing more than your period coming a couple of days late, when in fact you were nearly going to have a baby. It’s only called a miscarriage if it happens later on after you know you’re pregnant.

Week 2 of pregnancy

The pregnancy is now properly established. Inside the blastocyst, different groups of cells develop, which will eventually form the different parts of the baby. The inner cells will grow to become lungs, stomach and intestines, a middle layer will be muscles and bones, and an outer layer will form the nerves and skin.

It’s time for the blastocyst to have another new name. It’s now an embryo. The end of the second week is about day 28 of your menstrual cycle – that means your period is due. And at this stage, depending on whether or not you wanted to get pregnant, you’re likely to start getting nervous and worried, or hopeful and excited. Because your period is late.

From a couple of days before your period was due, pregnancy hormone starts getting into your urine. So as soon as your period is late, you can do a pregnancy test.

Related: 10 Tips For A Healthy Pregnancy

Week 3 of pregnancy

The bundle of cells starts developing the first signs of the different parts of the body – the brain and heart start to grow.

Weeks 4 to 8 of pregnancy

The heart starts beating, and arms, legs, eyes and ears start to form. Nipples appear, and the kidneys start producing urine. The embryo starts moving. By the end of week eight, the embryo is about the size of a small grape – about 13mm. And once again it’s time for a name change: the embryo is now called a foetus.

Weeks 9 to 12 of pregnancy

The foetus now develops a recognisable human face. Its arms and legs are properly formed and it can make its hands into a fist. What’s more, the foetus can even make sounds – even though it’s still no longer than your thumb.

Twelve weeks marks the end of what’s known as the first trimester, the first third of the pregnancy. Miscarriages are much more likely to happen in the first twelve weeks, so women sometimes prefer to wait to this point before telling everyone they know that they’re pregnant. In some countries where abortion is allowed, you can’t have the pregnancy terminated after this point, or only in special circumstances.

Weeks 13 to 19 of pregnancy

The foetus starts moving around and making sucking movements with its mouth. By week 19 the baby is waking and sleeping and can hear. It’s about 12 to 15cm long, so would still fit in the palm of your hand.

Weeks 20 to 24 of pregnancy

Butterflies fluttering inside you, or bubbles – that’s how many women describe feeling the foetus moving inside them for the first time. It usually happens around this time of the pregnancy. However, with a first baby, you may not feel it until 25 weeks – and with a second baby, it can be as early as 16 weeks.

Apart from swimming around, the foetus is now growing eyebrows and eyelashes, and nails on its fingers and toes. The senses of taste and touch are developing, and the eyes are properly developed too. With a lot of medical care, foetuses born at 24 weeks can sometimes survive.

Weeks 25 to 28 of pregnancy

The brain is growing fast and by week 28 the lungs are properly developed, so if the baby is born at this stage it has a good chance of survival. Week 28 is the end of the second trimester, the middle third of the pregnancy.

Weeks 29 to 40 of pregnancy

In this last stretch of the pregnancy, the third trimester, the foetus grows fast and puts on weight, getting ready for life outside the womb. It starts ‘breathing’ the amniotic fluid inside the womb.

The foetus hasn’t got much room to move around anymore, but it can give some impressive kicks and you can see it moving from the outside. Around week 36, all being well, it swivels around so its head is pointing downwards ready for the birth.

The due date

People usually say a pregnancy lasts nine months. And based on the first day of your last period, you’re usually given a ‘due date’ when your baby is supposed to be born. But in fact, most births happen anywhere between about 37 and 42 weeks. So within this period, you can’t really say the birth is ‘early’ or ‘late’.

Anyway, at some point around 40 weeks, the big moment arrives. Having been a zygote, a morula, a blastocyst, and an embryo, the foetus now has its last official name change of the pregnancy: it’s a baby. After that, the name is up to you!

Tell us what you think

Recent Comments (272)

    1. We are glad that this…
      We are glad that this information was useful to you Doreen.

      1. Can somehow see period and…
        Can somehow see period and still be pregnant

        1. Hi Blessing, you cannot have…

          Hi Blessing, you cannot have a period while pregnant. However, during pregnancy, you can spot which is perfectly normal. However, if the bleeding is heavy kindly see a medical practitioner for a comprehensive diagnosis and advice on the way forward.

          1. Hey, what is it that you…

            Hey, what is it that you disagree with dear?

    2. Can one have fibroid and…
      Can one have fibroid and still have a baby

      1. Hi Florence, medically it is…

        Hi Florence, medically it is possible for a person to have uterine fibroids and still get pregnant and carry the baby to term. It really all depends on the severity of the case. However, it is best to consult with a medical proffessional if you have fibroids and are trying to have a child.

    3. Plz my question is that from…
      Plz my question is that from the time i finished my period of my next period i used to feel as if am pregnant i even use to hear movement in side me and also heavy some thing but before my period date i wil see blood plz am confused is it miscarriage?

      1. Hello Asmau, thank you so…

        Hello Asmau, thank you so much for reaching out to us and we are sorry to hear that you are going through a hard time.  Since this is a medical issue we strongly advise you see a medical professional for a comprehensive diagnosis. 
        Here is a list of health institutions that should be of help
        https://lovemattersafrica.com/get-help/clinics  

    4. Have learned a lot from this…
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      1. Thank you for your feedback…

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      1. Thank you for your positive…

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    5. So interesting I have learn…
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      1. We are glad to hear that…

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    6. So complete and well…
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      1. Always pleased to help…

        Always pleased to help Ifeade! 

    7. How can or what should a 6…
      How can or what should a 6 months pregnant woman do to take are of herself and the fuetus in this covid 19 pandemic? I mean how to start prenatal care

      1. Hello Emoabino, thank you…

        Hello Emoabino, thank you for reaching out to us. Since this is a new disease, there is still not much information around it. However, the WHO says that pregnant women are not an at-risk group. However, the general rule still apply. Practice Social Distancing, wash your hands regularly, and avoid touching your face, eyes, nose, and mouth.

        1. Thanks for your reply,reply…
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          1. Hello Emoabino, thank you…

            Hello Emoabino, thank you for reaching out to us and sharing your positive feedback with us. We are glad that we are able to provide you a concrete and supportive platform to educate and inspire you. Stay safe and have a wonderful weekend ahead and we will continue to do our very best to continue sharing more informative articles with you 🙂 

    8. Wow, this is very…
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      Thanks

      1. You are most welcome…

        You are most welcome Precious.

    9. This info is very helpful…
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      1. We are glad to have been of…

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    10. Thanks for this information…
      Thanks for this information.. right now my period with 4 days can I go ahead and have a Pregnancy test? Or I should wait?

      1. Hi Bibi, if it has been 2…

        Hi Bibi, if it has been 2 weeks since you suspect you got pregnant?

    11. I liked the way the…
      I liked the way the information was given, very educative. And true, after birth the name is up to us-interesting. Thanks.

      1. Hi Maria, thank you for…

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    12. It is very nice to hear from…
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      1. Hello Rachael, thank you for…

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      1. HI Eric, 

        Glad you found it…

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  1. thx guys ……its so…
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    1. Thank you for the feedback…
      Thank you for the feedback Edward.

        1. Hi Alice, thank you for your…

          Hi Alice, thank you for your feedback it is appreciated.

  2. thenks guys am learning alot…
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    1. You are welcome Ann. We are…
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  3. Thanks for the information…
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    1. We are glad this was useful…
      We are glad this was useful to you Felisters.

  4. I have learned alot thanks
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    1. Thank you Mary, we are glad…
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    1. Thank you for the feedback…
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  5. Thanks Guys i find this not…
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    1. Thank you for your feedback…
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        1. We are glad to hear this, we…

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  6. I have learned something…
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    1. Thank you Paul, I am glad…
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  7. I can’t imagine the joy I’ll…
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    1. Tally, we are so glad that…
      Tally, we are so glad that you find the information here useful. We do wish you well in the journey.

  8. I am in my 13th week and at…
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    1. We wish you well Eunice.
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    2. Hello Eunice, we are so glad…

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  9. I’m now informed. Keep up.
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    1. Thank you for the feedback,…
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      1. I have some few personal…
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        1. Dear Rhominah, feel free to…

          Dear Rhominah, feel free to ask any question and we shall be more than glad to respond to you. You can also consider inboxing us in either of our Facebook pages, Love Matters Kenya or Love Matters Naija and one of our moderators will get back to you. 

  10. Waa hw it develop hw can u…
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  11. Thank you for the gud…
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  12. Very important information…
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    1. We appreciate the feedback.
      We appreciate the feedback.

  13. Wow! So much educative…
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  14. Thank you very much for your…
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  15. I did a pregnancy test one…
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  16. Millie, I can’t really tell…

    Millie, I can’t really tell what is causing the sharp pain you are experiencing but pain means there is something wrong. I suggest you go see your doctor to get to know what could be causing the pain. 

  17. I am learning alot from u…
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  18. I am glad you are learning…
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  19. I had sex on monday 26 and…
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  20. Wow I loved this article..
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    1. Hey Faymah, you are welcome.
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  21. meaning u can only go for…
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    1. You are welcome Darline.

      You are welcome Darline.

  22. When should I start my…
    When should I start my clinic visits I am now about 3 MO this pregnant.

    1. Hi, it’s always a good thing…

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  23. I an six weeks pregnant and…
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  24. Really helpful though am…
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  25. I had sex with my husband on…
    I had sex with my husband on 7th continuously for 4days immediately I removed the implant,I again had sex on 27,28&29th but on 28th I started my periods.I thought I could be pregnant after I had sex the first time but I was disappointed when I saw my periods.where could be the problem?I really need a second child.please help,thanks

  26. It is good story which I av…
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    1. Thank you for the feedback…

      Thank you for the feedback Harriet, we are glad. 

  27. There are twins in our…
    There are twins in our family, I have twin sisters. I just found out I am pregnant what is the possibility that I will also have twins?

    1. Hi Lindah, without…

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  28. If I have pain in my lower…
    If I have pain in my lower abdomen should I be concerned? It’s been 12 weeks now?

    1. Hi MAggie, this is expected…

      Hi MAggie, this is expected since as your womb gets bigger, it pulls down on the ligaments that hold it in place in your pelvis. This can cause cramp-like and stabbing pains in the abdomen. It maybe useful to talk about this with your Doctor just Incase you need some pain relief. Check out this article for more information of what to expect;-https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/being-pregnant/your-body-and-pregnancy 

  29. Thanks for the info, but it…
    Thanks for the info, but it’s possible to see one period and at the same time be pregnant.

    1. You are welcome Wolex.

      You are welcome Wolex.

  30. I love this teaching, thanks.
    I love this teaching, thanks.

    1. Hey Sarah, we are glad you…

      Hey Sarah, we are glad you found this useful.

  31. Is urinating so much normal…
    Is urinating so much normal in early pregnancy, I urinate more often than normal an am always hungry as well

  32. Can you be two months…
    Can you be two months pregnant without any sign?

    1. Hey Beryl, have you had a…

      Hey Beryl, have you had a pregnancy test done to find out if you are pregnant? Everybody responds differently to being pregnancy, it is important you embrace your own journey as opposed to comparing yourself to someone else experience. It is also important that you begin you prenatal clinics for purposes of monitoring the development of the baby and the mother. Have a look at the following article;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/being-pregnant/your-body-and-pregnancy

  33. God bless you for taking…
    God bless you for taking time to simplify the mystery of pregnancy

    1. You are welcome Tommy.

      You are welcome Tommy.

  34. Is it normal to bleed to see…
    Is it normal to bleed to see some bleeding in the first first weeks of pregnancy?

    1. Dear Bettie, while at times…

      Dear Bettie, while at times spotting in first weeks is considered normal. It is important that you talk to your doctor so that you can rule out any danger. 

  35. Is it OK to have sex with…
    Is it OK to have sex with your husband when you are pregnant?

  36. Nice and understanding break…
    Nice and understanding break down, and it’s very educating

    1. Hey Mudis, we are glad that…

      Hey Mudis, we are glad that you found this useful. You are welcome. 

  37. When should you stop having…
    When should you stop having sex when your wife is pregnant?

    1. Hey Tim, there is no time…

      Hey Tim, there is no time that one should stop having sex when pregnant other than with the advice of your health provide. As long as you are both comfortable you can have sex even during the third trimester of pregnancy. It is important that the position during sex is comfortable and that there is no pressure as the tummy grows. Have a look at the following article;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/sex-during-pregnancy-top-five-facts

  38. Am two weeks Pregnant on a…
    Am two weeks Pregnant on a monday morning i see blood on my bed wat does dat mean

    1. Hi there, congratulations…

      Hi there, congratulations. It is challenging to tell what it means but I suggest you seek medical advice from your health provider for further advice. 

  39. When should one start…
    When should one start prenatal clinic after you confirm you are pregnant?

    1. Hi Joy, as soon as you get…

      Hi Joy, as soon as you get to know you are pregnant. This is especially important to monitor the health of the mother and that of the baby. 

  40. I constantly feel hungry but…
    I constantly feel hungry but my appetite for food is really low what can I do? I am at week 7.

    1. Hello Maisha, during the…

      Hello Maisha, during the first weeks, for some women the appetite is low but it later picks up. However this is also the crucial period for baby’s growth it is therefore important you identify which foods works for you. Fruits and nuts can also be a good source of nutrients. You can further discuss this with your doctor in your next visit. 

  41. I sex good when you are…
    I sex good when you are pregnant?

  42. Nice touch to this topic…
    Nice touch to this topic…exactly wat I was looking for to read and learn..nice write up

    1. Thank you for the feedback…

      Thank you for the feedback Omoruyi, we appreciate. 

  43. Is it safe to masturbate…
    Is it safe to masturbate when you are pregnant?

  44. My wife likes alot a sex…
    My wife likes alot a sex when she is pregnant like right now. Is this normal and when should we stop having sex not to harm the baby?

    1. Hi Daniel, it is normal to…

      Hi Daniel, it is normal to have changes in sex drive where in some cases the drive is increased in other cases the drive maybe reduced. It is important that partners do talk about these changes to find a balance that works for both. Secondly, partners can have sex all through their pregnancy period if they are both comfortable. Have a look at the following article for additional information;- 

      https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/sex-during-pregnancy-top-five-facts

  45. I am due to give birth to my…
    I am due to give birth to my first child later this year. Is it true that the vagina becomes loose after normal child birth? What can I do to to make it tihlght again?

    1. You are welcome Bobby.

      You are welcome Bobby.

  46. Dis is really a good…
    Dis is really a good information, especially for us having d 1st child…. bt what do we need to know abt *Twin Gestation*?

    1. Hey Bayo, congratulations…

      Hey Bayo, congratulations. All pregnancies are different whether one is having twins or not. It is for this reason to start attending antenatal clinics early enough for purposes of monitoring the health of the mother and the development of the baby or babies. This then informs any actions to be taken. All the best in the rest of your journey. Have a look at the following article for more information;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/being-pregnant/your-body-and-pregnancy

  47. I’m in my 39 weeks and 6…
    I’m in my 39 weeks and 6 days and feeling some kind of pain at lower stomach.

    1. Hi Omolola, this might just…

      Hi Omolola, this might just be caused by the pressure being applied by the pregnancy as well as early signs of labor. I suggest you talk to your health provider, midwife or doctor for further advice. We wish you all the best and congratulations. 

  48. Needs help in growing of my…
    Needs help in growing of my baby inside the womb

    1. Hello Akinola, are you…

      Hello Akinola, are you already pregnant? If you are already, I suggest you visit a health centre for antenatal services. This is important for purposes of monitoring the growth of the baby as well as getting advice and information during these period. Have a look at the following articles for more information;- 

      https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/being-pregnant/how-the-baby-develops

      https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/being-pregnant/your-body-and-pregnancy

    1. You are welcome Glad. 

      You are welcome Glad. 

  49. Today is the 12th day of my…
    Today is the 12th day of my missed period.
    So I decided to visit a lab for Serum PT test but it came out negative. What really happens?

    1. Hello Ola, other than…

      Hello Ola, other than pregnancy there a number of other reasons that can cause a delayed or missed period including stress, significant weight gain or weight loss, hormonal imbalance, change in environment, extreme exercising, use of birth control methods among other reasons. It is important to seek medical advice if this happens multiple times. 

  50. I am in my 6weeks and am…
    I am in my 6weeks and am having pains in the upper part of my stomach, I have seen my doctor, I was asked to do a scan which result DAT nothing is wrong, so he prescribed mismag, folic acid, and two type of drug for me, can’t remember d name, and jee said all is well

    1. Hi Adenike, congratulation…

      Hi Adenike, congratulation. It is a good thing that you have started to see a doctor early in your pregnancy. If a scan was done and the doctor said all is well, I suggest you take his work. Mild stomach pain in early pregnancy (during the first 12 weeks) is usually caused by your womb expanding as the baby grows. This is normal and expected. However, if the pain is too much to bare, talk to your doctor for further advice. Check out the following article;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/being-pregnant/your-body-and-pregnancy

  51. Having sex when you are…
    Having sex when you are pregnant. Is there a reason you shouldnt have sex when you are expecting?

  52. Please I have been spitting…
    Please I have been spitting spitting and having severe waist pain. Is a sign of pregnancy or menstruation cuz my the menstruation is supposed to come our in 4days time. Please reply

  53. Thanks for this educative…
    Thanks for this educative session

    1. You are very welcome Promise…

      You are very welcome Promise. Keep exploring the website for more informative articles.

  54. When is the right time to…
    When is the right time to start prenatal clinic after knowing you are pregnant?

    1. Hello Jenniffer, one needs…

      Hello Jenniffer, one needs to start their clinics as soon as they they know they are pregnant. 

  55. This is so helpful… Am 7…
    This is so helpful… Am 7 months old pregnant am really learning alot

    1. You are welcome Irene and…

      You are welcome Irene and congratulations. We wish you all the best. 

  56. Very insightful . Thanks
    Very insightful . Thanks

    1. You are welcome Kelechi.

      You are welcome Kelechi.

  57. Thaxz guys hv learn alot 4m…
    Thaxz guys hv learn alot 4m here

  58. Is it normal for my baby to…
    Is it normal for my baby to weigh 0.84kg at 19weeks gestation?

    1. Hey Sophia, have you…

      Hey Sophia, have you discussed this with your health care provider or midwife? The weight of you baby can be influenced by a number of things. Do discuss this with your health care provider as part of monitoring your health and that of your baby.

  59. Am 9months pregnant…. But…
    Am 9months pregnant…. But there is this pain I feel on the left side of my lower abdomen….. What could be the problem

    1. Hey Tina, are you past your…

      Hey Tina, are you past your due date? It is normal to experience some pain or cramping during pregnancy as the baby grows and as the uterus stretches to accommodate the growth of the baby. It is important however, that you discuss this with your doctor or midwife especially if the pain is server than before, since there are a number of reasons that may causes such pain. They will be able to advice you appropriately. We wish you all the best. 

  60. Can a pregnancy strip defect…
    Can a pregnancy strip defect pregnancy after one week of intercourse?

    1. Hi Christabel, one should…

      Hi Christabel, one should wait to take a pregnancy test until the week after they have missed their period for the most accurate result. If one doesn’t wish to wait until they have missed their period, they should then wait for at least one to two weeks after they had sex. The urine test can detect pregnancy after 10 days. The blood test which can be done at a laboratory or health facility, is able to detect pregnancy after a week. Have a look at the following article for additional information;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/unsure-about-being-pregnant/am-i-pregnant

  61. Impressive analysis.. Am glad
    Impressive analysis.. Am glad

    1. You are so well, thank you…

      You are so well, thank you for the feedback. 

  62. Very wonderful teaching…
    Very wonderful teaching,thank you.

    1. You are welcome Chidimma.

      You are welcome Chidimma.

  63. Waooh. I enjoyed this…
    Waooh. I enjoyed this lecture. God bless you all.

    1. You are very welcome, Emily.

      You are very welcome, Emily.

  64. I saw my period 27-09-19 and…
    I saw my period 27-09-19 and after one week of having like two/three times in a week I started feeling my stomach paining me and now what am feeling some times is cool,weakness,sleepery,and some times movement in my stomach. what could that be please educate me on it

    1. Hi Mary, it is difficult to…

      Hi Mary, it is difficult to determine what could be going even with your description. I suggest you visit a medical centre and discuss what you are experiencing with a medical provider for them to better advice you. 

  65. Thanks I have learn a lot…
    Thanks I have learn a lot from you..

    1. You are very welcome Sharon. 

      You are very welcome Sharon. 

  66. Thanks, exciting and…
    Thanks, exciting and educating.

    1. You are welcome Roseline. 

      You are welcome Roseline. 

  67. I love this article, so…
    I love this article, so exciting and educating

    1. Thank you :). Always pleased…

      Thank you :). Always pleased to help!

  68. Clearly educative, thanks
    Clearly educative, thanks

    1. Thank you for your…

      Thank you for your compliment, Bolu.

  69. I miscarriage on 5th January…
    I miscarriage on 5th January 2020 but our Dr give us appointment 14day.him says we should have sex does that mean I will be pregnant.

    1. Hello Chidimma, follow your…

      Hello Chidimma, follow your doctor’s advice and hope for the best.

    1. Thank you for the Amazing…

      Thank you for the Amazing feedback Terry! Always pleased to help!

  70. Thanks alot you are a great…
    Thanks alot you are a great teacher

    1. You are most welcome Debby

       

      You are most welcome Debby

       

  71. Amazing good to come across…
    Amazing good to come across something like this I actually learned more than I thought I would, thanks alot

    1. You are most wecome Ade! 🙂

      You are most wecome Ade! 🙂

    1. You are most welcome…

      You are most welcome Anonymous, we are always pleased to help!

  72. Am experiencing this problem…
    Am experiencing this problem for 8 month now i feel movement in my womb and heavy but sees my period every month some time ifeel like i am pregnant but i don’t know what is happening

    1. Hello Asmau, thank you for…

      Hello Asmau, thank you for reaching out to us. Are there any other symptoms you are experiencing that could indicate that you are indeed pregnant e.g. Swollen tummy? Morning sickness? Enlarged and tender breasts? Nausea from certain smells and tastes? If you have been experiencing these symptoms then it is extremely important that you VISIT A DICTOR IMMEDIATELY, lest you risk putting your potentially unborn child and yourself at extreme risk my dear. 

  73. Pls do you know how to…
    Pls do you know how to calculate d pregnancy date to know d due date

    1. Hi bimbo, thank you for…

      Hi bimbo, thank you for reaching out to us and asking a great question. Your due date is calculated by adding 280 days (40 weeks) to the first day of your last menstrual period (assuming a 28 day cycle). Note that your menstrual period and ovulation are counted as the first two weeks of pregnancy. If you deliver on your due date, your baby is actually only 38 weeks old, not 40.

  74. When exactly are the safest…
    When exactly are the safest days of a woman to avoid pregnancy

    1. Hi Steve,  safe days are one…

      Hi Steve,  safe days are one of the most unreliable ways to prevent pregnancy, and we really don’t recommend it at all.   When your safe days are really depends on the length of your cycle. Technically speaking, the first seven days before and after your period, as well as the time of your period, are relatively safe. But, if you have a shorter cycle (shorter than 28 days), or an irregular one, this will vary. Also keep in mind that sperm can survive for up to five days and longer inside the body- so even if you have sex on a ‘safe’ day, you can still get pregnant, because the sperm survived until your ovulation date. So you see, it’s a very inaccurate. And lastly, of course this won’t protect you from STDs. Only condoms will. So we really recommend a more reliable method.

  75. Hi, I’m in marriage for 7…
    Hi, I’m in marriage for 7 years now with one daughter, we’ve tried to get our second child but in vain, what might be the problem? I’m really stressed.

    1. Hello Frank, thanks for…

      Hello Frank, thanks for reaching out to us. I understand that the situation is stressful and quite emotional. It may seem like getting pregnant is straight forward but it may take a lot of work and dedication. However, there could also be a medical issue and it would be best to see a medical professional to get a comprehensive diagnosis and advice on the way forward.

      This article could also prove to be of help.

      https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/before-pregnancy/getting-pregnant-dos-and-donts

  76. I missed my period yesterday…
    I missed my period yesterday with cramps under my abdomen

    1. Have you recently  had sex?

      Have you recently  had sex?

  77. After one week of intimacy…
    After one week of intimacy during my ovulation, my stomach keeps hurting me, although I haven’t checked if pregnant but the pain keeps persisting

    1. Hello Casp , thank you for…

      Hello Casp , thank you for reaching out to us. Since this is a medical issue we strongly advise you see a medical professional for a comprehensive diagnosis.
      Here is a list of health institutions that should be of help
      https://lovemattersafrica.com/get-help/clinics 

  78. Thanks this helps a whole…
    Thanks this helps a whole lot.

    1. We are very pleased to help.

      We are very pleased to help.

  79. This is so educating and…
    This is so educating and really helpful. Big thanks

    1. We are glad to be of help 🙂

      We are glad to be of help 🙂

  80. Hello, my question is having…
    Hello, my question is having pain on the nipples is it a sign of pregnancy ?

    1. Hi Simeon, thank you for…

      Hi Simeon, thank you for your question. Pregnant women do indeed have sensitive nipples. However, before this symptom pops up there should be several other symptoms to confirm the pregnancy.

  81. Wooooow!I really appreciate…
    Wooooow!I really appreciate this info, it’s very educating.
    My question is how can one avoid or stop vomiting during pregnancy most especially after meal.

  82. Hi Sekeenat, vomiting during…

    Hi Sekeenat, vomiting during the first trimester of the pregnancy is quite normal. However, for some people, it could be quite overwhelming. If you feel that it is too much see a medical practitioner for advice on the way forward.

  83. I am three days late on…
    I am three days late on period,no symptoms except insomnia..and a painful pill.Am i pregnant

    1. Hello Ashanti, it would be…

      Hello Ashanti, it would be difficult to tell. If you suspect you are pregnant take a pregnancy test but remember that they are usually sensitive two weeks or more after the suspected conception date.

  84. I found this very useful…
    I found this very useful. Pls I’m in my week 19 and haven’t started ante natal care because of restriction of movement for covid-19. How can it affect my pregnancy? Thanks

  85. Hello Ogonna, thank you for…

    Hello Ogonna, thank you for reaching out and we are sorry you are going through a hard time during this pandemic but it is of the utmost importance that you make an appointment with your doctor, even with the restrictions. By not medical supervision during your pregnancy, you may place your health and the health of your unborn baby at risk if you fail to receive prenatal care during this special time. It’s certainly possible to have a baby without it, but regular prenatal care is the best thing you can do for the two of you. Here are some of the affects:

    Real risks- Babies are five times more likely to die and three times more likely to have low birth weight when moms don’t get prenatal care. Those grim numbers are from a 2012 report from the United States Department of Health and Human Services. Prenatal visits permit a doctor to treat an expectant mother’s existing problems and prevent new problems.

    Pre-existing problems- Some women have pre-existing health conditions, such as diabetes, asthma, and heart problems, that can affect their pregnancy. A doctor can design a treatment plan that decreases health risks. For example, a doctor may modify or stop medications that can harm the developing baby, particularly during the first trimester.

    High-risk pregnancies-  carry a greater risk for problems. For moms who skip prenatal care, the risk for a negative outcome increases when the problem remains untreated. Any woman who gets pregnant after 35 has a high-risk pregnancy, as does any woman with a chronic health condition, is pregnant with more than one foetus, or is at risk for preterm labor. Prenatal care means a doctor has time to recommend a specialist.

    Managing mental health disorders- For women who struggle with mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression, pregnancy may present a new dilemma. Some women find those symptoms appear and even worsen during pregnancy. Without prenatal care, moms-to-be don’t get a treatment plan that manages their symptoms effectively and safely. If you currently take medication, your doctor can determine whether a modification in your treatment plan is needed.

    Good antenatal care includes regular screening which can detect and prevent early complications such as hypertension and pregnancy diabetes; both of which can dramatically affect the foetus. Early detection means regular monitoring and treatment.

    Love Matters Team.

  86. Am in my fifth week of…
    Am in my fifth week of pregnancy and this information is helpful. Thank you

    1. This is such great and…

      This is such great and encouraging news, thank you! Congratulations on your coming baby and good luck in the journey ahead we wish you strength and good health.

  87. Thank you for sharing your…
    Thank you for sharing your ideas. It was very informative. I learnt a lot.

    1. Hi Lynda, we are so glad to…

      Hi Lynda, we are so glad to hear this! We are always pleased to be of help.

  88. I have really learnt a lot…
    I have really learnt a lot. I’m most grateful.

    1. Hello Anonymous, thank you…

      Hello Anonymous, thank you for your positive feedback and we are glad that our content is able to provide a positive educational platform for you to benefit. Have a wonderful week ahead and stay safe! Forever grateful,

      Love matters team!

  89. I have really learnt a lot…
    I have really learnt a lot.so educative. I’m most grateful. Thanks

    1. Hello Lady T, thank you for…

      Hello Lady T, thank you for your positive feedback and we are glad that our content is able to provide a positive educational platform for you to benefit. Have a wonderful week ahead and stay safe! Forever grateful,

      Love matters team!

    1. Hello Mowonuola, thank you…

      Hello Mowonuola, thank you so much for your feedback. We are very pleased to help

  90. Saw my period April 15th…
    Saw my period April 15th 2020 wen will I be due 4 may

    1. Hi Glozzy, to answer that…

      Hi Glozzy, to answer that question you first need to understand how long your cycle is. Your cycle lasts from the first day of your period to the first day of your next period. To understand how long your cycle is, you need to track it for a few months. You should note that your cycle may be irregular and that is normal.

  91. My name are Abdullahi kabir…
    My name are Abdullahi kabir,I am so happy for this lesson, but pls,my wife us 8 weeks pregnant.at this stage,is sex require? And what are the ruled? If any.to which extend can she get a chance to stop vomiting? Thanks.

    1. Hi Anonymous, thank you for…

      Hi Anonymous, thank you for reaching out to us. Sex during pregnancy is normal and perfectly okay. On the other hand, vomiting and nausea should stop after the first three months. However, if she feels really terrible then maybe she should go to see a medical practitioner to see if she can get medication to help control it.

  92. My last month period was…
    My last month period was spotting n have done pregnant test and it show negative am confused

    1. Hello Hillary Friday, thank…

      Hello Hillary Friday, thank you for getting in touch. People often find that their menstrual flow varies from month-to-month, and some months are naturally lighter than others. In certain cases, a light period could indicate pregnancy or a hormone-related condition. Since you did a pregnancy test and found out that it was negative, then this may indicate a hormone-related condition. Have you recently started using any form of birth control or contraception? 

  93. Hi love matters I had sex…
    Hi love matters I had sex with my fiance the last day of my period (5th)day I wasn’t expecting till that day it was when we’re making love that some blood came out, and I didn’t take any contraceptive now I want to ask can I get pregnant after that causes I missed my period this month .
    Thanks

  94. Hi Paragon, thank you for…

    Hi Paragon, thank you for your question. If your cycle is shorter than 21 days it is possible for your period and your fertile days to overlap. However, if it has been 2 weeks or more since you had sex then you can take a pregnancy urine test.

  95. Help, in my wife’s case- she…
    Help, in my wife’s case- she discovers dizziness all of a sudden, then feels like she is about to menstruate and no blood flows out- though we are expecting parents and we had sexual contact a week ago which involves insemination.

  96. Hello Akin, thank you for…

    Hello Akin, thank you for getting in touch and we are sorry you are going through a stressful time. If you do not mind us asking, did you and your partner go through an In Vitro Fertilization procedure? If that is the case and you are both expecting parents, there is a chance she might be experiencing the side effects of becoming pregnant. It may also mean that she might need to go visit the doctor to provide a more conclusive diagnosis to her symptoms, in which case please visit your doctor. Have a wonderful weekend and stay safe!

  97. Can I be pregnant even after…
    Can I be pregnant even after having two periods since I had unprotected sex?

    1. Hi Ann, it is very unlikely…

      Hi Ann, it is very unlikely that you are pregnant if you have had two periods. However there are extremely rare cases where pregnancy may have in fact occurred. The best thing to do would be to take a pregnancy test

  98. There is something I don’t…
    There is something I don’t get my gal frnd told me she stopped her periods on 18 February went in April for tests she was pregnant now later she sld bleed we want in scan it said she was not pregnant hw z dat possible.

    1. Hi Chris, thank you for…

      Hi Chris, thank you for reaching out to us and we are sorry you are going through a confusing situation at the moment. It is common for women to experience irregular menstrual cycles and can sometimes miss their periods for a variety of reasons from stress, diet, if she is on specific medications or even a form of birth control. It also seems like the doctor who she visited might have given her a wrong diagnosis and that she is actually, in fact not pregnant. Is she still presenting with symptoms of pregnancy? The best thing to do is to get a second opinion from another doctor to properly diagnose her situation and help bring more clarity to your relationship and her overall health.

  99. So educative, am one the…
    So educative, am one the mother who gave birth to a premature which of 25weeks but unfortunately the baby past away at the age of 10month was having hardship in breathing during flue and cough but question is:-will I be safe if I get another pregnancy and what brings the baby at early state was not my first born while others were nine months.

    1. Hello Sandra, thank you so…

      Hello Sandra, thank you so much for reaching out to us. Really sorry to hear that you lost your baby.  Premature birth may be caused by a whole lot of reasons and it is indeed true that a premature birth could cause you to have other premature births in the future. If the cause of the premature birth was determined by your doctor, then try and avoid the contributing factors in the future (if possible).

  100. Am a2 week of pregnancy, bt…
    Am a2 week of pregnancy, bt i have a problem of urinating every second, what is that implies plz, need help

    1. Hello Dama, thank you for…

      Hello Dama, thank you for getting in touch and congratulations on your pregnancy dear! Increased urinary frequency is an early symptom of pregnancy in women and is completely normal. It’s caused by an increase in the hormones progesterone and human chorionic gonadotropin. The urges tend to reduce in the second trimester. The uterus is also higher in the second trimester. Pregnancy-related urinary frequency and urgency usually resolve after you give birth. These symptoms will often subside about six weeks after giving birth. Your doctor may recommend strengthening your bladder muscles through exercises known as Kegels. These exercises strengthen your pelvic floor. This helps you gain better control over your urine flow, especially after giving birth. You can perform Kegel exercises daily, ideally about three times a day. Follow these steps:

      1. Tighten the muscles of your pelvic floor by imagining you’re stopping the flow of urine.
      2. Hold the muscles for 10 seconds, or as long as you can.
      3. Release the contracted muscles.
      4. Repeat 15 times to complete a single set.

      You will know you’re performing Kegel exercises correctly if no one can tell you’re doing them.

  101. Hello, heip me to know why…
    Hello, heip me to know why have i tested for HIV and resuit is positive, BT the second time is negative am actually confused heip me plz

    1. Hello Anonymous, thank you…

      Hello Anonymous, thank you so much for your question. It is possible that you got a false positive. Although it is quite rare it does happen. The HIV strip test is sensitive to antibodies and sometimes may react to antibodies that are not HIV specific. However, like we mentioned this is very rare.

      A false negative mostly occur if you take the test too early in the infection for it to show up. Take a third test three months after the last test to get a conclusive answer.

  102. Hi guys,am so glad for this…
    Hi guys,am so glad for this information i really appreciate your work..may you be blessed as you have joyous chrismas and blessed year!

  103. Hi Dorcas! Always pleased to…

    Hi Dorcas! Always pleased to help. Feel free to go through more of our content to help you make more informed decisions and do not hesitate to get in touch with us in case you have any questions. Have a wonderful week and stay safe!

  104. Is it normal to fill pain…
    Is it normal to fill pain bellow the stomach at 1month of pregnancy

  105. Hi Grace. First and foremost…

    Hi Grace. First and foremost, congratulations on your pregnancy. We are so happy for you. Thank you for getting in touch with us and we are so sorry you are going through a hard time. stomach pains or cramps are common in pregnancy and usually nothing to worry about. Mild stomach pain in early pregnancy (during the first 12 weeks) is usually caused by your womb expanding, the ligaments stretching as your bump grows, hormones constipation or trapped wind.

    We hope this information helps, let us know what you think and have a wonderful weekend ahead! Stay safe!

    1. Always pleased to help.

      Always pleased to help.

  106. hii I have a question do…
    hii I have a question do cramps ache

  107. Hi Sue, thank you for…

    Hi Sue, thank you for getting in touch and asking a great question. 

    Cramps can vary in intensity and duration for everyone. They typically vary over the course of your period, with the pain or discomfort lessening after the first few days. This is because the level of prostaglandins is reduced as the uterine lining is shed and the prostaglandins in the lining are expelled from your body.

    Often, people will have pain in their lower abdomen or back. But some will only experience pain in the lower back. Some people also experience cramping in their upper thighs.

    The uterus is a muscle. When it contracts and relaxes during cramping, it can feel:

    • sharp
    • poking
    • aching or tightening similar to a muscle cramp-like pain
    • like a mild stomachache, or even a more painful stomachache, like when you have a stomach virus

    Along with menstrual cramps, some women also experience:

    • diarrhea or loose bowel movements
    • constipation
    • nausea
    • bloating
    • vomiting
    • headaches

    Cramps can be uncomfortable or even painful, but they shouldn’t keep you home from school or work. That level of pain or discomfort is not typical, and is something you should see your doctor about.

  108. Thank u so much doctor,i…
    Thank u so much doctor,i really learned alot

  109. This article is so educative…
    This article is so educative, it gives an understanding of the whole pregnancy process.

    1. Hi Sucre, 

      Glad you learnt…

      Hi Sucre, 

      Glad you learnt something new! Keep visiting Love Matters for more educative content. 

       

  110. Am almost due but my body is…
    Am almost due but my body is somehow cold,what mighty be the problem.

    1. Hi Mercy, 

      Feeling cold can…

      Hi Mercy, 

      Feeling cold can be part of a normal pregnancy. It does not necessarily mean that there is something wrong with you or your baby. It can be caused by several factors including hormonal imbalances, If you’re concerned about your pregnancy, talk to your doctor immediately. 

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