Happy, heavily pregnant woman
(C) Love Matters | Rita Lino

9 common pregnancy side effects

A woman’s body is beautifully adapted for having babies. What’s more, the same goes for your mind.

At first, it can feel unreal when you’re pregnant. But as your pregnancy goes on you start feeling more and more attached to the growing life inside you. Nine months usually feels just the right length of time to get used to the idea of having a baby and get ready mentally for giving birth.

When you’re pregnant, your body changes in lots of ways that help the baby grow and get you ready for giving birth. The only thing is, unfortunately, some of these changes can have less than pleasant ‘side effects’!

Of course, you want to give your baby the best chance to grow well and have a healthy start in life. And you need to look after yourself, too!

Pregnancy 'side effect'

First of all, let's be clear: you’re not ill, you’re pregnant! But as your body changes and gets ready for the birth, there can be some ‘side effects’ you’d rather do without.

You might experience all of these 'side effects' or maybe even none at all. But what are some of the things you have to put up with when you're pregnant?

'Morning' sickness

One of the first things you might notice when you’re pregnant is ‘morning sickness’. In fact, this common name isn’t totally accurate, as you can feel nauseous at any time of the day, especially when your stomach is empty.

The nausea is caused by the pregnancy hormone HGC – the one that shows up in a pregnancy test. This does a really important job in stopping your pregnancy from ending prematurely. The unfortunate ‘side effect’ is that it can make you want to throw up.

For most women who have morning sickness, the symptoms start around six weeks after their last period.

From around week 12 the sick feeling usually starts to ease off, and by week 16 it’s over because the HGC hormone has done its job and your body stops producing it.

Some women have little or no nausea in the first weeks of pregnancy. Other women hardly feel able to do anything because they feel so queasy all the time. It can help to eat little and often, and avoid having an empty stomach.

Moody

During the first months of pregnancy, you may be feeling a jumble of emotions for a lot of different reasons anyway. But just like in the run-up to your period, the hormones during the first months of pregnancy can make you feel moody and irritable. At the drop of a hat, you can fly into a fury or burst into tears.

Tired

Having a baby growing inside you takes a lot of energy, and you might find you feel much more tired than usual. When you’re pregnant you need more rest and sleep than you usually do. On the other hand, some women feel bursting with energy when they’re pregnant. If that’s you, enjoy it – there’s no point in resting if you don’t need to. Go with your own energy level.

Hungry

Especially during the first months of pregnancy you can have a huge appetite – yes, as well as feeling nauseous some of the time. The old saying ‘you need to eat for two’ isn’t really true, you just need a normal, healthy diet.

Don’t worry if you put on a bit of weight – many women do. Later, when the baby starts growing faster, you’ll put on less weight yourself.

Needing the toilet

At the start of your pregnancy, the womb grows fast and starts pressing on your bladder. This makes you need to pee more often. Eventually, the womb starts growing upwards so it doesn’t push down on your bladder as much. Only at the end, the baby’s head can start pressing on your bladder again.

Cramps

As your womb gets bigger, it pulls down on the ligaments that hold it in place in your pelvis. This can cause cramp-like and stabbing pains in the abdomen.

Bigger breasts

Your boobs are getting ready to produce milk for your baby. Right from the start, your breasts grow bigger and can feel tight and tender. The stretching skin can also be itchy.

The veins in your breasts get bigger, so if you’ve got pale skin they can show through. This goes away after you stop breastfeeding – though when the whole experience is over your breasts will be a different shape. You’ll need a good, supportive bra when you’re pregnant to keep your breasts comfortable and stop them sagging.

Especially if it’s your first baby, your nipples get a bit bigger so the baby can latch on more easily. They can also be more tender. The areolae – the area around the nipples – also widen and the skin gets darker. They can also develop little bumps – these are glands which produce a grease to help keep the skin of your nipples supple.

Constipation

When you’re pregnant, everything needs to relax and stretch – first to make room for the growing baby, and eventually so your cervix and vagina can open up for the baby to come out. The hormone that makes this happen is called progesterone. Unfortunately, it also has some side effects.

The muscles in your bowels also relax. This means they can’t push the food through your intestines as quickly as they normally do. Your stool gets harder, and you can get constipated.

Piles and varicose veins

Another side effect of progesterone: it makes your veins relax too. At the same time, you’ve got more blood circulating in your body when you’re pregnant. This can give you varicose veins in your legs – the extra pressure on your softened veins makes them stretch and they can work their way to the surface of your skin. They can give an itchy and uncomfortable feeling.

Another nasty place you can get varicose veins is in your anus. Then they’re known as haemorrhoids or piles. These are itchy, sore bobbles on the inside or outside of your anus. And if you’ve got constipation, the pushing and straining can make them worse.

All in all, progesterone does a great job making you stretchy so your stomach can grow and you can push out the baby. But the side effects are a pain in the backside – literally!

Mother and baby health tips

How can you do your best to make sure your baby develops well and is born healthy? And look after yourself at the same time? Here are a few of the most important tips.

  1. Stop smoking
    Stop smoking. Well, you’ve probably heard that one before!
    Cigarette smoke is full of poisonous chemicals, and they all very easily get to the baby. So if you smoke, your baby smokes too.
    And this stops it from growing properly. The babies of smoking mothers are born smaller. What’s more some research shows that they’re more likely to have a clubfoot. Later in childhood, their lungs don’t work as well. And they’re more likely to die around the time of the birth.

    Passive smoking
    This tip also applies to your partner or the people around you when you’re pregnant. When they smoke, you breathe the smoke, and your baby smokes too.
    Babies who live in a smoky atmosphere are more likely to die in their sleep for no obvious reason – this is called ‘cot death’. So it’s also important not to smoke after the baby is born – or at least not in the same room as the baby.
    And of course, if you give up smoking you’re also looking after yourself! You know it’s bad for you, and now you’re pregnant you’ve got an extra important reason to kick the habit.

    Help to stop smoking
    Depending on your situation, early pregnancy can be a stressful time. This makes giving up smoking seem extra difficult. But there are lots of places to find tips and help.
    Try reading 'The easy way to stop smoking' by Allen Carr – it helped millions of people to give up smoking. You can also download it here.
     
  2. Don't drink alcohol
    Don’t drink alcohol. Like the poisonous chemicals in cigarette smoke, alcohol easily gets to the baby. So if you drink, the baby drinks too. Alcohol stops the baby’s brain from developing properly – and really heavy drinking can cause birth defects.
    Can just one drink do any harm? Well, researchers find it hard to say. It’s not easy to tell whether small amounts of alcohol have any effect on the baby. But as soon as women drink a bit more – say two glasses of alcohol a day – their babies are born a bit smaller than normal. So just one drink certainly can’t be doing the baby any good. That means the only safe advice is not to drink alcohol when you’re pregnant.   
     
  3. Don't take drugs
    Don’t take drugs. Cocaine is particularly nasty – it cuts off the blood supply to the baby and can really cause a lot of damage. Hashish, or marijuana, has less dramatic effects. But as with smoking tobacco, the babies of people who smoke cannabis when they’re pregnant are born smaller than normal.
    It’s the same story with amphetamines, or speed, or crystal meth. And women who are hooked on heroin give birth to addicted babies. They’re small, they cry a lot, and they lie trembling in their cots. In short, it’s the same story as for smoking and alcohol. If you take drugs, your baby does too. And it always has a bad effect.  
     
  4. Be careful with medication
    Be careful with taking medicines – especially during the first three months. Some medicines can seriously harm your baby. Just because you can buy some medicines over the counter at the chemist or drugstore, it doesn’t mean it’s safe to take when you’re pregnant.
    Read the instructions with medicines carefully to see if they’re okay for you to take. You can also ask the staff at the pharmacist’s or drugstore to check for you.

    If you normally take medicines for an illness, talk to your doctor about it preferably before you get pregnant. If you find you’re pregnant unexpectedly, see your doctor as soon as possible.

    Paracetamol (or acetaminophen) are okay to take – though it’s best only to take them if your doctor recommends it, perhaps to bring down a fever. Normal doses of either aspirin or ibuprofen may increase the risk of miscarriage in the first three months of pregnancy.

    Ideally, you should avoid taking medicines when you’re pregnant – only take them if your doctor advises that it’s really necessary.
     
  5. Wash your vegetables
    Wash your vegetables, and make sure your meat is well cooked. Some kinds of food poisoning can also infect the baby.
    Toxoplasmosis is caused by a parasite. You can get it from raw meat and unwashed vegetables – and famously it’s in cat stool! Although it doesn’t make you very ill it can damage your unborn baby’s brain or eyes. Also, avoid unpasteurised milk – or cheese made from unpasteurised milk. It can give you a Listeria infection, which can cause a miscarriage or premature birth. Boiling milk or pasteurising it (briefly heating it to 72 degrees Celsius) kills the Listeria bacteria.

Nutrition

For women who are trying to get pregnant, there’s one vitamin that’s particularly important: folic acid, or vitamin B9.If you get at least 0.4 milligrams of this vitamin daily before you get pregnant and early in your pregnancy, your baby is much less likely to be born with serious defects like spina bifida.This is when the baby’s spine doesn’t close up properly.

You can get folic acid from leafy green vegetables, orange juice, or whole grains and pulses. But if you’re trying to get pregnant – or if you find out you’re pregnant – even if you do eat a varied diet, it’s not easy to get enough of the vitamin just from your food.

This means it’s wise to start taking a folic acid tablet every day if you're trying to get pregnant. You can get them from chemists or drugstores.

Recipes for regret

  • 'I didn’t want the baby anyway, so I don’t care if I have a miscarriage.'
  • 'I don’t care if the baby is small – at least it will make the birth easier.'
  • 'I don’t want to get fat – if I stop smoking I’ll put on weight.'

These are all really bad reasons not to look after your body and the baby inside you by stopping smoking, drinking or taking drugs. If you wish you weren’t pregnant, risking your own and your baby’s health won’t solve the problem. 

As the pregnancy goes on, the fact that you’re having a baby will gradually feel more and more real. And when the baby’s born, suddenly it becomes very real indeed! Having a baby can make you see things in a very different light. If you’ve been persuading yourself it’s okay to do things that can harm your baby, you risk having to live with serious regrets.

Did you learn something new?

Comments

Hello Abiola, thank you for reaching out to us. Pregnancy can in fact cause differences in your sleep pattern. It could cause you to be more sleepy because of exhaustion , or it could cause insomnia. We are so sorry if you are experiencing this. The good news is that your pattern should be back to normal after you have had your bundle of joy.

Hey Peris, it is normal during pregnancy to start producing milk weeks or even months before one is due. This clear fluid is a precursor to the real milk to be produced after delivery. You should be concerned if the fluid, is red, pink, or brown in colour, comes out all the time (unless you’re pregnant), or appears only in one breast. We wish you all the best in the rest of your pregnancy journey. Check out the following article;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/our-bodies/female-body/breasts

Dear Joan, it maybe helpful to speak to your healthcare provider. However the following tips may be useful;- 

  • Start pregnancy at a healthy weight if possible
  • Eat moderately meals but eat often, small multiple meals as opposed to the three large once
  • Drink lots of water, increase your water intake.
  • Make your cravings constructive, try and eat health as possible
  • Do some light exercise, you could start by a simple walking routine

Talk with your health care provider who maybe able to further advice. All the best.

I have large breast already. now I am concerned they will become much more larger from breast feeding since I am currently pregnant with my first baby. Tell me about non-medical ways of reducing their size. Thank you.

Hey Flo, breast will increase in size during pregnancy to help the child with breastfeeding after its birth, they also tend to keep getting slightly bigger after the delivery. The increase could be as a result of hormonal issues or weight gain. To be comfortable you could start by getting the right fit of bras to support the larger breast. In the long run, try and keep you weight in check by eating healthy since a decrease in weight is also likely to lead to a decrease in breast size. Check out the following artile;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/our-bodies/female-body/breasts-top-five-facts

Hello! Would you mind if I share your blog with my zynga group? There's a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content.
Anonymous
Sat, 05/04/2019 - 10:37 pm
Hey. question I was on day 3 period when we had unprotected sex then my periods disappeared the next day and ever since my nipples are really painful when I touch followed by expensive eating and a hugeee constipation.im I pregnant?

Hi, there is a chance one can get pregnant if they have sex during periods. You may want to have a pregnancy test especially if it has been 14 days or longer since you had unprotected sex. Have a look at the following article for more information;- 

https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/unsure-about-being-pregnant/am-i-pregnant

https://lovemattersafrica.com/our-bodies/female-body/sex-during-your-period-top-five-facts

Promise
Mon, 05/27/2019 - 02:26 pm
I got wedded last year December, 2018. I saw my period normally last in January, 2019 but since then, it happened only two days in a month instead of four days until this month, May 2019, that I didn't experience my period at all. Meanwhile, I had been seeing signs of pregnancy since February but I conducted a test by Pregnancy Test Script (PTS) and also a laboratory blood test but both showed negative. I did an ultrasound scan in April but result didn't reveal that I was pregnant though everything in my body's reproductive system appeared normal as shown by the scan. Now, in May, after missing my period, I decided to try both tests again. They both showed positive but the scan still didn't show it. Please, I need clarification on the possible cause of ALL these facts. Thanks so much for your prompt and detailed response to every part of my question.

Hey Promise, the earliest you can have an ultrasound is 12 weeks from when you conceive. If you took a pregnancy test and had a scan done and they both showed that you are not pregnant that was the true status. There are a number of reasons that can cause a delayed or missed periods other than pregnancy including hormonal issues, change in environment, change in diet, extreme exercising among others. You have taken tests which have shown that you are pregnant. I suggest you begin your prenatal visit for purposes of monitoring you health and the development of your baby. We wish you all the best. Check out this article for more information;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/being-pregnant/your-body-and-pregnancy

Winnie
Tue, 05/28/2019 - 10:46 am
Hi...I was two months pregnant when I realized it..after few days I started bleeding and having sharp pains below the abdomen..and when I went to the hospital I was told that I had a complete miscarriage... Please assist me on what caused it.
Am having a smelly vaginal discharge and cramps..but no menstruation its been a month now,i no longer appreciate myself to an extent of missing classes coz am worried my friends may notice it,could you help me understand what this is?

Hey Jay, this sounds unusual for you. If this is the case and you have noticed a drastic changes in smell, colour or quantity, especially in combination with itching, pain or redness, it could be a sign of an infection. In that case, you must consult your doctor and get it checked. In the mean time, have a look at the following article;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/our-bodies/female-body/vaginal-discharge-and-odour-top-facts

Hi there, do you mean you have also observed a drastic changes in smell, colour or quantity, of your discharge especially in combination with itching, pain or redness? This could be a sign of an infection. If this is the case, you must consult your doctor and get checked. In the mean time, have a look at the following article;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/our-bodies/female-body/vaginal-discharge-and-odour-top-facts

Anonymous
Wed, 06/26/2019 - 10:37 am
I'm a newly married man of 11 days of marriage. We were just able to break the hymn about 8 days ago and my wife has started being disturbed by urge to spit or eject saliva always. She told me she has not been so before, and that she is guessing it is pregnancy. In fact, yesterday's night, she rushed up to spit and vomit when we were playing, and this made her to become weak and with no appetites to eat anything even though she was still shouting hunger. Please, my question is that can that be pregnancy? Can pregnancy reaction be as early as that? Thank you.

Hi there, it is possible that your wife could be pregnant. It is however important to have a pregnancy test done to be certain that what she is experiencing are early signs of pregnancy. You can consider visiting a medical centre to have a pregnancy test done or  buy a home pregnancy test and do the urine test at home. Have a look at the following article;- https://lovemattersafrica.com/pregnancy/unsure-about-being-pregnant/am-i-pregnant

I am 18 weeks pregnant and I have been having a pain on and off on the right side of my lower abdomen? Is this expected and can I use over the counter pain meds?

Hi Doris, congratulations. This is expected in the second trimester of pregnancy that as your womb gets bigger, it pulls down on the ligaments that hold it in place in your pelvis. This is what causes the cramp-like and stabbing pains in the lower abdomen. About using over the counter pain killers, I suggest you speak to your health care provider or mid-wife who will advice on what medication you can use. 

DavisDaudi
Thu, 07/18/2019 - 05:09 pm
Waaa my wife has become so irritable. She shouts at everyone at the slightest thing. I hope this doesn't last for the entire period of this pregnancy?!! Our first was not like this, I am happy I understand now because I was feeling she was unhappy. Thanks.
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